Before travel abroadit is crucial to inform yourself about the recommended vaccines for your destination. Vaccination requirements vary depending on the region you are going to visit, the length of your stay and the activities you plan to undertake. However, some basic vaccines are generally recommended to protect your health and prevent the spread of preventable diseases.
The vaccine against tetanus and diphtheria is essential, because these bacteria are present all over the world. The vaccine against yellow fever is required to enter certain areas of Africa, Central America and South America where this disease is endemic. If you are traveling to areas where hepatitis A is prevalent, this vaccine is recommended to prevent foodborne infections.
Hepatitis B is a common viral infection. If you are planning medical or dental treatment abroad or having unprotected sex, this vaccine is essential. For travel to Southeast Asia, Africa and Latin America, typhoid vaccination may be required due to the prevalence of this disease linked to contaminated water and food.
Vaccination against meningitis may be recommended in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the “meningitis belt”, especially at mass gatherings. Finally, if you plan to spend time in rural areas or in close contact with animals, consider vaccination against rabies.
Of course, it goes without saying that the vaccine against Covid-19 is strongly recommended, despite the end of the pandemic and a return to normal health situation in the world.
Plan your vaccinations well in advance, as some vaccinations require multiple doses spread over several weeks. Consult a medical professional specializing in travel medicine for advice specific to your itinerary. It is important to remember that disease prevention through vaccination is an essential step in ensuring a safe and healthy journey