Online travel-insurance aggregator has produced a list of the top 10 travel insurance terms that all consumers should know as they prepare to...

To help people understand the basics of travel insurance, online travel-insurance aggregator has produced a list of the top 10 travel insurance terms that all consumers should know as they prepare to purchase trip protection before they travel.

1. A.M. Best Ratings: Industry watchdog A.M. Best rates and assesses insurance companies’ financial strength and ability to meet their obligations to policyholders. features a user-friendly monitoring tool for consumers to check the A.M. Best Ratings of all the leading U.S. travel insurance companies before purchasing coverage.

2. Unforeseen: This means happenings or circumstances that are not anticipated or expected and that occur after the effective date of the policy.

3. Primary: This section of the travel-insurance policy will pay first, before any other collectible insurance.

4. Secondary: This section of the travel-insurance policy will pay you after any other primary collectible insurance has paid the claim and the primary policies’ limits have been exhausted.

5. First Trip Payment Date: This is the date that money first exchanged hands for the trip you want to insure. This is the date the check is written, not the date it is cashed.

6. Pre-existing Medical Condition Waiver: Many policies have a pre-existing medical exclusion, meaning that coverage is not available for pre-existing medical conditions. A pre-existing medical condition waiver essentially deletes that exclusion and extends your policy to cover pre-existing condition-related risks. To be eligible for a pre-existing medical condition waiver, the majority of travel insurance policies require that you purchase your policy within 10 to 21 days of your first trip payment date and insure for the full amount of your non-refundable travel arrangements.

7. Look Back Period: This is the number of days that the insurance company will ‘look back’ from the date the insurance was purchased to see if your claim is related to a pre-existing medical condition. The look back period varies by company and plan and does not apply if you qualified for the pre-existing medical condition waiver offered by many plans.

8. Cancel For Any Reason: This is an optional benefit that empowers travelers to cancel trips for any reason including sudden unemployment, schedule conflicts and even bad weather, up to two days prior to departure. Cancel-for-any-reason policies vary by company and must be purchased within 10 to 21 days of your first trip payment date.

9. Financial Default: This is a benefit that is part of trip cancellation/interruption coverage. This protection applies if the airline, cruise line, or tour operator goes out of business and you are unable to travel as a result or suffer financial loss. Since this coverage is time-sensitive, you must purchase a policy within 10 to 21 days (this varies by company) of your first trip payment date. All of the plans that contain this benefit have a 7-to-30-day waiting period from the time of purchase before becoming effective. Typically, if you purchase travel insurance directly through a travel supplier such as an airline, cruise line, or tour operator, you cannot protect yourself should that travel supplier go bankrupt or become financially insolvent, so it is always best to purchase your travel insurance protection from a third-party source.

10. Travel Agent and Tour Operator: A travel agent is a person (often working for a multi-person travel agency company) who books flights, cruises and tours. A tour operator is a company that specializes in the organizing and operation of pre-planned vacations, which are usually sold to the public through travel agents.

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