The new consumer protections, finalized earlier this year, include requirements that airlines refund baggage fees if bags are lost, increase compensation provided to passengers...

New consumer protections established by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) for airline passengers go into effect on August 23 and according to the DOT will make flying more convenient and hassle-free for air travelers throughout the U.S.

The new consumer protections, finalized earlier this year, include requirements that airlines refund baggage fees if bags are lost, increase compensation provided to passengers bumped from oversold flights, and provide passengers greater protections from lengthy tarmac delays.


“The Obama Administration believes consumers have the right to be treated fairly when they fly,” says U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. “The Department of Transportation‘s new passenger protections will help ensure that air travelers receive the respect they deserve before, during and after their flight.”

From August 23, airlines will be required to refund any fee for carrying a bag if the bag is lost. Airlines are already required to compensate passengers for reasonable expenses for loss, damage or delay in the carriage of passenger baggage.

Additionally, under the new rules, airlines must now prominently disclose all optional fees on their websites. Fees which must be disclosed prominently include but are not limited to fees for baggage, meals, canceling or changing reservations, or advanced or upgraded seating.

This is a view of part of the ramp and terminal area at New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, taken from a Bombardier CRJ200 flying over the airport on a flight from New York LaGuardia to Philadelphia International Airport. New York JFK's longest runway, 13R/31L, can be seen in the upper part of the photograph

The new rules also double the amount of money passengers are eligible to be compensated for in the event they are involuntarily bumped from an oversold flight.

Previously, bumped passengers were entitled to cash compensation equal to the one-way value of their tickets, up to $400, if the airline was able to get them to their destination within a short period of time (within one to two hours of their originally scheduled arrival time for domestic flights and one to four hours for international flights). If they were delayed for a lengthy period of time (more than two hours after their originally scheduled arrival time for domestic flights and four hours for international flights), they were entitled to double the one-way price of their tickets, up to $800.

Under the new rule, bumped passengers subject to short delays will receive compensation equal to double the one-way price of their tickets, up to $650; while those subject to longer delays would receive payments of four times the one-way value of their tickets, up to $1,300. Inflation adjustments will be made to those compensation limits every two years.

The Department of Transportation’s new rule also expands the existing ban on lengthy tarmac delays to cover the international flights of foreign airlines at U.S. airports, and establishes a hard four-hour time limit on tarmac delays for all international flights at U.S. airports.

It also extends the three-hour tarmac delay limit for domestic flights, currently in place only at large-hub and medium-hub airports, to flights at small-hub and non-hub airports as well.

All carriers subject to the tarmac rule will be required to report lengthy tarmac delays to DOT.  In all cases, exceptions to the time limits are allowed only for safety, security or air traffic control-related reasons.

Passengers board a Bombardier Q200 turboprop at the busy US Airways Express ramp at Philadelphia International Airport

Carriers must also ensure that passengers stuck on the tarmac are provided adequate food and water after two hours, as well as working lavatories and any necessary medical treatment.

Additional measures under the new rule will take effect on January 24, 2012, including:

● Requiring all taxes and fees to be included in advertised fares;

● Banning post-purchase price increases for tickets;

● Allowing passengers to hold a reservation without payment, or to cancel it without penalty, for 24 hours after the reservation is made, if the reservation is made one week or more prior to a flight’s departure date;

● Requiring disclosure of baggage fees when passengers book a flight;

● Requiring that the same baggage allowances and fees apply throughout a passenger’s journey;

● Requiring disclosure of baggage fee information on e-ticket confirmations; and

● Requiring prompt notification of delays of more than 30 minutes, as well as cancellations and diversions.

The final rule, proposed rule and comments are available on the Internet at www.regulations.gov, docket DOT-OST-2010-0140.

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