The airlines at TBIT also separately funded over $20 million to build out new, larger first- and business-class lounges. Four airline lounges replaced 16 individual lounges and expanded the terminal’s overall lounge space to 47,000 square feet – an increase of 72 percent over previous space. Three of the new lounges serve airline alliances, and the fourth is for customers of airlines not affiliated with an alliance. Amenities incorporated into the lounges include: Wi-Fi access, individual work stations, business center services and showers.
The overall Tom Bradley International Terminal Renovation Program cost $737 million to complete. Cost for construction work was $567 million and another $170 million was allocated for architectural and engineering designs; purchase of new passenger loading bridges; and construction of the first boarding gate for new-generation aircraft, lounges and terminal offices. The total budgeted amount was $755.3 million.
The project was funded by a combination of sources, including passenger facility charges, revenue bonds, airline reimbursements and airport revenues. The U.S. Transportation Security Administration provided partial reimbursement of $105 million for the $140-million in-line baggage screening system. No monies from the City’s general funds were used.
Upon completion of the project, the U.S. Green Building Council awarded the revitalized Tom Bradley International Terminal its prestigious Silver LEED-EB (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design-Existing Building) Certification, the first-ever for a renovation project at a U.S. airport. The Silver certification recognizes the project’s efforts at maximizing operational efficiency while minimizing environmental impacts.
The project was the first at LAX to incorporate LEED standards. It achieved 20 percent energy savings and 24 percent water conservation with hundreds of thousands of dollars in annual savings expected in the future. For electricity use alone, future reductions of 5,381,903 kilowatt hours are expected for annual savings of $570,872. In addition, more than 75 per cent of construction and demolition waste was recycled or salvaged.
Other “green” initiatives included:
● Efficient lighting fixtures and controls with occupancy sensors throughout the terminal to reduce lighting and save energy during off-peak periods;
● Upgraded heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) controls that reset temperatures to maximize efficiency without sacrificing passenger comfort;
● More than 20 per cent of the interior finishes included materials with recycled content;
● Low-emitting paints, adhesives, carpets and sealants used in the interior; and
● Low-flow plumbing fixtures in the restrooms.
Because construction work was performed while the terminal was fully operational, the project was considered one of the most complex among airport construction projects in the U.S.
This was the first major upgrade to LAX terminals since 1984, when the 1-million-square-foot terminal was originally built, along with the double-deck roadway and concourses that connected airline ticketing counters to satellite boarding gates that were detached from the terminals.
The more than 30 airlines at the Tom Bradley International Terminal served more than 8 million international travelers in 2009 or 57 per cent of LAX’s overall 15.1 million international passenger volume. Total passenger volume at LAX last year was 56,520,843.
Los Angeles International Airport is the third-busiest airport in the U.S. and seventh-busiest in the world, offering more than 565 daily flights to 81 destinations in the U.S. and over 1,000 weekly nonstop flights to 65 international destinations on 75 air carriers.
It is also the busiest origin-and-destination airport in the U.S., whereby passengers who begin or end their trips at the airport (rather than connect to other flights) have a higher, positive impact on the local economy in terms of business, tourism and consumer spending. LAX is part of a system of three Southern California airports – along with LA/Ontario International (ONT) and Van Nuys (VNY) general aviation – that are owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports, a department of the City of Los Angeles.